These paintings are selected works completed in 2010. When I begin each acrylic painting, I select no more than three colors and I imagine that each canvas is an uneven and textured stone wall or cave interior. To construct this stone wall appearance, I never use a brush. I use only palette knives, sponges and cloths. With these tools, and with no preconceived composition, I spread the colors on the canvas. I apply the colors in lush layers and apply a varnish with each layer. By gouging and scraping with palette knives and rubbing with sandpaper and cloths, I construct the textures; and at the same time, I create the shapes and color relationships, which are the foundation of the painting. I always scrape and rub away some layers of color to reveal previous layers of color beneath the surface. Looking for balance, I work the colors against each other and over one another. In some areas, I blend them together. The resulting process is a struggle for domination of the canvas between the colors. The resolution is a completed painting. When each painting is completed, I spend a few moments searching my imagination for a title. Whatever the colors and shapes remind me of, becomes the name of the painting. If I cannot find an immediate association, then the painting remains untitled.